programme

Health and Nutrition in the Early Years

Home/ Health and Nutrition in the Early Years
Course TypeCourse CodeNo. Of Credits
Foundation CoreSVS1EC1032

Semester and Year Offered: Semester-1, Monsoon 2017

Course Coordinator and Team: Sheetal Nagpal, Sunita Singh and Fariha Siddiqui

Email of course coordinator: fariha@aud.ac.in

Pre-requisites: None

Objectives:

The objectives of the course are to help students to:

  • Understand the concept of ‘health’ and ‘wellbeing’, interrelationship between children’s health, nutrition and diseases.
  • Understand in depth about the nutritional requirements of children from infancy up till middle childhood years and their nutritional requirements accordingly.
  • Learn about various aspects of meal planning for children from infancy up till middle childhood years in an inclusive early childhood centre.
  • Learn about diet modifications to be done during common childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea, fever, cold and cough, etc. and also for children with disabilities.
  • Know about various government policies and programmes for managing childhood nutritional deficiency disorders.

Course Outcomes:

At the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • Describe various factors which influence children’s health from prenatal period up to middle childhood years
  • Identify nutritional disorders amongst children and plan meals for them accordingly.
  • relate health and nutrition with the well- being of a child
  • describe interrelationship between food, nutrition and wellbeing
  • Apply understanding of different nutrients present in food and its functions to prepare menus
  • Suggest modifications of a normal diet for people suffering from common diseases.
  • Describe different problems faced during feeding children and ways to solve this

Brief description of modules/ Main modules:

Module 1: Interrelationship between child health and nutrition

This module will begin with the concept of child’s ‘health’ and ‘wellbeing’ and various components of health and wellbeing, such as, physical, emotional and social. The factors influencing health and wellbeing of children will be discussed. In addition to health and wellbeing, the interrelationship between food, nutrition, health and disease will be studied in detail. The functions of food, different food groups- energy giving foods, body building foods, protective foods, water and roughage and their functions will be discussed. Common terms such as nutrients, micro nutrients, macro nutrients, malnutrition, over nutrition and balanced diet will be described. The students will also be introduced to varied aspects of meal planning and recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) (ICMR, 2010) for infants and children.

Module 2: Health and nutrition during infancy

Growth and development of children during infancy (up till the age of 2 years), their nutritional needs for their optimal health, common cultural beliefs and misconceptions regarding feeding infants, and feeding practices during infancy will be discussed. The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding during first six months of life will be described. Then various weaning foods that can be prepared for infants and toddlers, important aspects to be kept in mind while doing meal planning for infants and toddlers, precautions while preparing food for them and feeding of infants with disabilities will be described. Common nutritional disorders and illnesses during infancy will be discussed in detail with a focus on their symptoms, etiology and management through diet modifications and nutritional supplementation.Students will gain an understanding about appropriate meal planning for infants with diverse health statuses in an early childhood centre. They will also learn about growth monitoring of infants.

Module 3: Health and nutrition during preschool and middle childhood years

This module begins with a focus on nutritional requirements of children during preschool and middle childhood years as per their growth and development. Food preferences and eating habits of children and various food fads due to cultural beliefs and practices will be discussed. This will help students in understanding the various aspects that need to be kept in mind while planning meals for children belonging to preschool age and middle childhood years. Diet modifications that need to be done for children with disabilities, nutritional deficiencies and illnesses will also be discussed. Growth monitoring of children during preschool age and middle childhood years will be described. The students will also be apprised about the extent of malnutrition amongst young children in our country and various measures taken by the government to combat malnutrition- policies, schemes and programmes related to children’s health and nutrition in brief.

Assessment Details with weights:

S. No.

Assignment

Weight

1.

Assignment 1: Individual written report

30%

2.

Assignment 2: Written report

30%

3.

Assignment 3: Group written report

30%

4.

Attendance and in-class participation.

10%

 

Reading List:

  1. Chadha, R. &Mathur, P. (Ed.).(2015). Nutrition.A Lifecycle Approach. New Delhi: Orient Black Swan.

Chapter 1 Food, Nutrition and Health (pp. 1-14).

Chapter 2 Nutrient Requirements and Recommendations (pp. 15-30).

Chapter 15 Principles of meal planning (223-236)

  1. Underdown, A. (2006).Young Children's Health And Well-Being.McGraw-Hill Education: UK.

Chapter 1 Young children’s health and wellbeing in context

Chapter 3 Foundations for emotional and social wellbeing

  1. Khanna, K., Gupta,S,, Passi, S.J., Seth, R, Mahna, R. &Puri, S. (1997). Textbook of Nutrition and Dietetics.(2nd ed.). New Delhi: Elite Pub. House Pvt Ltd.

Chapter 2 Fundamentals of meal planning (pp 7-13).

Chapter 3 Allied aspects of meal planning (pp 14-28).

Chapter 4 Food exchange lists in meal planning (pp 29-46).

  1. Chopra, G. (2011). Mother and Child Care: Promoting Health, Preventing Disabilities. Guidebook-1.(3rd ed.). New Delhi: Institute of Home Economics.
  2. Ghosh, S. (2004).Nutrition and Child Care. (2nd ed.). New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (p) Ltd.

Chapter 2 Nutritional needs of children (pp 24-40).

Chapter 3 Growth and development of children (pp. 41-61).

Chapter 5 Starting other family foods (pp 87-105).

Chapter 10 Protein Energy Malnutrition (pp. 109-117).

  1. Chadha, R. &Mathur, P. (Ed.).(2015). Nutrition.A Lifecycle Approach. New Delhi: Orient Black Swan. Chapter 20 Nutrition during infancy (pp 302-320).

Chapter 21 Nutrition for preschoolers (pp. 321-332).

Chapter 22 Nutrition for school age children (pp. 333-342).

Chapter 26 Feeding children with special needs (pp. 379-390).

  1. Ghosh, S.C. (1992). The feeding and care of infants and young children.(6th ed.). New Delhi: Voluntary Health Association of India.

Chapter 11 Deficiency diseases (pp. 118-125).

Chapter 12 Infections (pp. 126-143).

  1. Kishore, J. (1997). National Health programs of India. (7th ed.). New Delhi: Century Publications.
  2. Unicef India (2017). Micronutrient Nutrition. Retrieved from:http://unicef.in/Whatwedo/8/Micronutrient-Nutrition

ADDITIONAL REFERENCE:   

  1. Khanna, K., Gupta,S,, Passi, S.J., Seth, R, Mahna, R. &Puri, S. (1997). Textbook of Nutrition and Dietetics.(2nd ed.). New Delhi: Elite Pub. House Pvt Ltd.

Chapter 2 Fundamentals of meal planning (pp 7-13).

Chapter 3 Allied aspects of meal planning (pp 14-28).

Chapter 4 Food exchange lists in meal planning (pp 29-46).

  1. Yousafzai, A.K., Yakoob, M.Y. &Bhutta, Z.A. (2013).Nutrition-based approaches to early childhood development.In P.R. Britto, P.L.Engle& C.M. Super (Eds.).Handbook of early childhood development research and its impact on global policy (pp.202-226). New York: Oxford University Press.
  2. Chadha, R. &Mathur, P. (Ed.).(2015). Nutrition.A Lifecycle Approach. New Delhi: Orient Black Swan.

Chapter 20 Nutrition during infancy (pp 302-320).

  1. Hunt, J. &Quibria (Ed.). (1999). Investing in Child Nutrition in Asia. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
  2. Khanna, K., Gupta,S,, Passi, S.J., Seth, R, Mahna, R. &Puri, S. (1997). Textbook of Nutrition and Dietetics.(2nd ed.). New Delhi: Elite Pub. House Pvt Ltd.

Chapter 7 Nutrition during infancy (pp. 101-121).

  1. Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Women and Child Development (Food and Nutrition Board), Government of India (2004).National Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding.Retrived 2 march 2017 from http://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/nationalguidelines.pdf
  2. Government of India (1993).National Nutrition Policy. Retrieved from:

http://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/nnp_0.pdf

  1. Hunt, J. &Quibria (Ed.). (1999). Investing in Child Nutrition in Asia. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
  2. Khanna, K., Gupta,S,, Passi, S.J., Seth, R, Mahna, R. &Puri, S. (1997). Textbook of Nutrition and Dietetics.(2nd ed.). New Delhi: Elite Pub. House Pvt Ltd.

Chapter 8 Nutrition during childhood and adolescence (pp. 122-144).

  1. Satpathy, C. (2012). Child Welfare Policies and Programmes in India. Yojna, Nov. 2012, 23-27. Retrieved from: http://www.insightsonindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/child-welfare-policies-and-programs-in-india.pdf
  2. Singh, S. (2009).Child Health Nursing.Gyan Publishing House,Chapter 2 Modern concepts of Child care.
  3. Spock, B. (1992). Dr. Spock's Baby and Child Care.Pocket Books.